Tennis has always been mainly a sport of individuals playing for their glory and ranking points but there are also team competitions in the tennis calendar that give players the chance to represent their country and play under their national flag.
The most important tennis team competitions in the world are Davis Cup, Fed Cup, World Team Cup and Hopman Cup.
The Davis Cup is the largest annual international tennis team competition in men's tennis. Founded in 1900, Davis Cup began as a challenge match between USA and British Isles, the most successful countries over the history of the tournament are the United States (32 titles) and Australia (28 titles). In 2012, 130 nations entered Davis Cup, making it the world's largest annual international team competition in sport. Davis Cup is structured with a 16-nation World Group, contested over four weekends during the year. The remaining countries are then divided into three regional zones (Americas, Asia/Oceania, and Europe/Africa) depending on their location.
All Davis Cup ties are contested in a best-of-five rubbers (matches) format and are played over a three-day weekend. There are two singles on Friday, a doubles on Saturday and then the reverse singles on Sunday. The tie is hosted by one of the competing nations (depending on where the two teams played their most recent tie against each other). Each Davis Cup rubber (match) is normally played in a best-of-five sets with no tiebreak in the decisive set (except dead rubbers).
Visit the official site of the Davis Cup.
The Fed Cup is the women's equivalent of the Davis Cup. Fed Cup was originally played as a week-long knockout event but has been played on a home-and-away basis since 1995. The most successful country over the history of this tennis team competition are the United States with 17 titles. Fed Cup is structured with an eight-nation World Group and eight-nation World Group II, contested over three weekends during the year. The remaining countries are then divided into three regional zones.
All Fed Cup ties are contested in a best-of-five rubbers format and are played over a weekend. There are two singles on Saturday, and then the reverse singles and a doubles on Sunday. The tie is hosted by one of the competing nations. Each rubber (match) is normally played in a best-of-three sets with no tiebreak in the decisive set.
Visit the official site of the Fed Cup.
World Team Cup
The World Team Cup is the second most prestigious men's tennis team competition after the Davis Cup. The tournament has been contested annually since 1978 on clay courts in Düsseldorf, Germany. Every year, the eight nations whose top two players have achieved the highest combined placings in the ATP World Tour rankings at the end of the previous year are invited to this tennis team competition.
Visit the official site of the World Team Cup.
The Hopman Cup (also known as the ITF World Mixed Team Championships) is an annual international tennis team competition held in Perth, Australia in early January. Unlike the Davis Cup and the Fed Cup, which are strictly for men or women only, the Hopman Cup is a mixed tennis team competition where male and female players are together on combined teams and represent their country.
Visit the official site of the Hopman Cup.